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Capture the Fun of Mixed Martial Arts-Learn The Terms!
With the rules and sanctioning of MMA events there has been an
explosion of new followers of MMA (mixed martial arts) The purpose of
this article is to help familiarize the new fans of this sport with some
of the terms that are used. If you have a basic understanding with some
of the terminology you will find viewing the sport more enjoyable. Keep
in mind that this description is not inclusive of every aspect, but more
of a guide for the beginner.
Submissions: submissions are techniques that cause the receiver to give
up due to pain being applied to a joint or strangulation from a choke.
Here are some of the basics.
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Kimura: A shoulder lock that applies pressure to the shoulder joint.
Rear Naked Choke: A choke that apples strangulation to both sides of the
neck (both arteries) it also impedes breathing.
Guillotine Choke: This is where the defender reaches underneath the attacer's neck and applies upward pressure, with the attackers head
under the defender’s armpit. It is usually applied when an attacker
attempts a takedown and the defender is able to capture the neck.
Triangle Choke: The attacker is between the defender’s legs on the
ground. The defender gets an attackers arm between his own neck and the
defender’s leg. The defender then places his ankle behind his knee of
his other leg and secures the choke.
Arm Triangle: Similar to the Triangle Choke except arms are used instead
of legs. Usually executed from a top or back position.
Arm Bar: When an opponent is able to secure an arm and straighten it out
with pressure underneath the elbow.
Knee Bar: Same as an arm bar but causes pain to the joint of the knee.
Ankle Lock: A submission that causes pain to the joint of the ankle or
There are way too many techniques to list in this article but these are
a lot of the main ones you will hear mentioned.
There are also several
“control” positions. Here are a few:
Full Mount: This is when an attacker is on top of his opponent with both
of his legs on either side of the defender. A bad spot to be in because
the attacker can rise up and deliver strikes.
Half Mount: The attacker has only one leg on the outside and the
defender is holding the attacker’s other leg between his legs to stop
the attacker from achieving a full mount.
Side Mount: The attacker is perpendicular to the defender across the
defender’s chest. A transfer to full mount or submission can be
North/South: An opponent is on top of the other facing opposite
The sport of MMA is an elite sport with various strategies and
techniques. Here are a few more terms you might hear.
Ground And Pound: A fighter takes down an opponent, mounts him, and
delivers strikes until knock out, referee stoppage, or the defending
fighter gives up (taps)
Take Down: A fighter attempts to bring his opponent down to the mat for
a submission or to deliver strikes from the mount.
Tap Out: When a fighter taps on the other fighter or the mat to concede
the fight. Mostly done when a submission is applied. (kind of like
This article is not a “catch all” for every term you might here during
an MMA fight. It will give you a better understanding of the sport and
make it a lot more fun to watch!